CONTENT STRANDS 
Number Sense and Operations Strand 
Students will understand numbers, multiple ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems. 
Number Systems 
6.N.1  Read and write whole numbers to trillions 
6.N.2  Define and identify the commutative and associative properties of addition and multiplication 
6.N.3  Define and identify the distributive property of multiplication over addition 
6.N.4  Define and identify the identity and inverse properties of addition and multiplication 
6.N.5  Define and identify the zero property of multiplication 
6.N.6  Understand the concept of ratio 
6.N.7  Express equivalent ratios as a proportion 
6.N.8  Distinguish the difference between rate and ratio 
6.N.9  Solve proportions using equivalent fractions

6.N.10  Verify the proportionality using the product of the means equals the product of the extremes 
6.N.11  Read, write, and identify percents of a whole (0% to 100%) 
6.N.12  Solve percent problems involving percent, rate, and base 
6.N.13  Define absolute value and determine the absolute value of rational numbers (including positive and negative) 
6.N.14  Locate rational numbers on a number line (including positive and negative) 
6.N.15  Order rational numbers (including positive and negative) 
Students will understand meanings of operations and procedures, and how they relate to one another. 
Operations 
6.N.16  Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators 
6.N.17  Add, subtract, multiply, and divide fractions with unlike denominators. 
6.N.18  Multiply and divide mixed numbers with unlike denominators 
6.N.19  Identify the multiplicative inverse (reciprocal) of a number 
6.N.20  Represent fractions as terminating or repeating decimals 
6.N.21  Find multiple representations of rational numbers (fractions, decimals, and percents 0 to 100) 
6.N.22  Evaluate numerical expressions using order of operations (may include exponents of two and three) 
6.N.23  Represent repeated multiplication in exponential form 
6.N.24  Represent exponential form as repeated multiplication 
6.N.25  Evaluate expressions having exponents where the power is an exponent of one, two, or three
Exponents 
Students will compute accurately and make reasonable estimates. 
Estimation 
6.N.26  Estimate a percent of quantity (0% to 100%) 
6.N.27  Justify the reasonableness of answers using estimation (including rounding) 


Algebra Strand 
Students will represent and analyze algebraically a wide variety of problem solving situations. 
Variables and Expressions 
6.A.1  Translate twostep verbal expressions into algebraic expressions 
Students will perform algebraic procedures accurately. 
Variables and Expressions 
6.A.2  Use substitution to evaluate algebraic expressions (may include exponents of one, two and three) 
Equations and Inequalities 
6.A.3  Translate twostep verbal sentences into algebraic equations 
6.A.4  Solve and explain twostep equations involving whole numbers using inverse operations 
6.A.5  Solve simple proportions within context 
6.A.6  Evaluate formulas for given input values (circumference, area, volume, distance, temperature, interest, etc.) 


Geometry Strand 
Students will use visualization and spatial reasoning to analyze characteristics and properties of geometric shapes. 
Shapes 
6.G.1  Calculate the length of corresponding sides of similar triangles, using proportional reasoning 
6.G.2  Determine the area of triangles and quadrilaterals (squares, rectangles, rhombi, and trapezoids) and develop
formulas 
6.G.3  Use a variety of strategies to find the area of regular and irregular polygons 
6.G.4  Determine the volume of rectangular prisms by counting cubes and develop the formula 
6.G.5  Identify radius, diameter, chords and central angles of a circle 
6.G.6  Understand the relationship between the diameter and radius of a circle 
6.G.7  Determine the area and circumference of a circle, using the appropriate formula 
6.G.8  Calculate the area of a sector of a circle, given the measure of a central angle and the radius of the circle 
6.G.9  Understand the relationship between the circumference and the diameter of a circle 

Students will apply coordinate geometry to analyze problem solving situations. 
Coordinate Geometry 
6.G.10  Identify and plot points in all four quadrants 
6.G.11  Calculate the area of basic polygons drawn on a coordinate plane (rectangles and shapes composed of
rectangles having sides with integer lengths) 


Measurement Strand 
Students will determine what can be measured and how, using appropriate methods and formulas. 
Units of Measurement 
6.M.1  Measure capacity and calculate volume of a rectangular prism 
6.M.2  Identify customary units of capacity (cups, pints, quarts, and gallons) 
6.M.3  Identify equivalent customary units of capacity (cups to pints, pints to quarts, and quarts to gallons) 
6.M.4  Identify metric units of capacity (liter and milliliter) 
6.M.5  Identify equivalent metric units of capacity (milliliter to liter and liter to milliliter) 
Tools and Methods 
6.M.6  Determine the tool and technique to measure with an appropriate level of precision: capacity 
Students will develop strategies for estimating measurements. 
Estimation 
6.M.7  Estimate volume, area, and circumference (see figures identified in geometry strand) 
6.M.8  Justify the reasonableness of estimates 
6.M.9  Determine personal references for capacity 

Statistics and Probability Strand 
Students will collect, organize, display, and analyze data. 
Collection of Data 
6.S.1  Develop the concept of sampling when collecting data from a population and decide the best method to collect
data for a particular question 
Organization and Display of Data 
6.S.2  Record data in a frequency table 
6.S.3  Construct Venn diagrams to sort data 
6.S.4  Determine and justify the most appropriate graph to display a given set of data (pictograph, bar graph, line graph, histogram, or circle graph) 
Analysis of Data 
6.S.5  Determine the mean, mode and median for a given set of data 
6.S.6  Determine the range for a given set of data 
6.S.7  Read and interpret graphs 
Students will make predictions that are based upon data analysis. 
Predictions from Data 
6.S.8  Justify predictions made from data 
Students will understand and apply concepts of probability. 
Probability 
6.S.9  List possible outcomes for compound events 
6.S.10  Determine the probability of dependent events 
6.S.11  Determine the number of possible outcomes for a compound event by using the fundamental counting principle and use this to determine the probabilities of events when the outcomes have equal probability 
